Human Trafficking


The Birmingham criminal attorneys at Parkman White, LLP have seen a huge spike in the enforcement of human trafficking laws in both State and Federal Courts.  It has been addressed by the President of the United States, and special task forces have been established to prosecute human trafficking cases.  Our criminal attorneys have counseled individuals suspected of human trafficking and can help you if you are the target of a human trafficking investigation.

Authorities typically paint those arrested for human trafficking as violent, dangerous individuals, who enslave young children and sell them for sex.  While that description may be true in some cases, the criminal attorneys at Parkman White, LLP know that every case is different, and sometimes law enforcement paints with a very broad brush.  We look at every defense to human trafficking to try to avoid charges, or to defeat the charges when they are brought.

  • Who made the disclosure to law enforcement?
  • Is the person who made the report credible?
  • Does the “snitch” have a criminal past?
  • Does the “snitch” have an axe to grind with the potential defendant?
  • What is the “snitch” getting in return for their testimony?


Many of the larger human trafficking cases are brought in federal court.  These cases are usually investigated by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), (a division of the Department of Homeland Security) or the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI).  ICE describes human trafficking as “one of the most heinous crimes” investigated by ICE and has set up a toll free 800 number to report instances of human trafficking.  If you, or a loved one, is being investigated by the federal government for human trafficking, you need an attorney to intervene immediately.  The federal government is allocating millions of dollars to enforcement and prosecution and you need an experienced federal criminal attorney on your side.


Alabama has two levels of Human Trafficking charges.

Human trafficking in the first degree is governed by Code of Alabama 13A-6-152.  This section applies to those persons that coerces or deceives any person into servitude and also applies to persons that induce, restrain, or solicit a minor into engaging in sexual servitude.  Human trafficking I is a Class A felony, and therefore is punishable just as Murder with a  range of punishment up to life in prison, and life without parole depending on the defendant’s prior criminal history.

Human trafficking in the second degree is covered by Alabama Code 13A-6-153, and applies to anyone that profits from human trafficking, and anyone that recruits, threatens, or restrains another person (not a minor) to get them to engage in sexual servitude.  Human trafficking II is a Class B felony punishable by up to 20 years in prison.

The Alabama criminal attorneys at Parkman White, LLP fully expect the human trafficking enforcement in State and federal court to increase over the coming years.  If you or someone you know has been accused of human trafficking, contact our criminal attorneys today at 205-502-2000.